Demography statistics concern human populations with respect to their size, distribution, structure, and their development. The major sources of Demographic statistics are decennial censuses and household surveys. Other sources of demographic data include administrative records In Botswana, censuses are conducted within the mandate of the Census Act Cap 17:02 and it is a Constitutional (Section 64 of the Constitution) requirement that comprehensive national censuses are carried out regularly within intervals of 5 to 10 years. Botswana population censuses are conducted on the basis of a de facto approach, i.e. counting people where they are found according to a defined time frame.
Indicators produced include:

  • Population size
  • Distribution
  • Population Structure
  • Mortality
  • Fertility
  • Economic Activity
  • Demographic and Socio-economic characteristics of population living in Botswana
  • Batswana outside the country
  • Disability
  • Land Acquisitions
  • Household cash receipts from agricultural and household activities and other cash receipts
  • Type and tenure of housing units
  • Materials of construction
  • Water supply
  • Sanitation facilities
  • Refuse disposal
  • Ownership of durables and ICT Equipment

Demographic statistics produced is used all levels by government, parastatals organizations, private sector, and academia for policy formulation, program and development planning. Furthermore, demography data is also used extensively in various statistical units within Statistics Botswana as inputs for planning and implementation of other statistical surveys, programmes and activities.

Demography Statistics
Census Demographic Indicators 2022
Total Population 2,359,609